Several German orders regarding the Jews of Crete illustrate the repressive measures implemented by the Occupation Forces. The orders were directed to the Greek authorities and from them passed on to the representatives of the Jewish Community in Hania.

A document dated 1 July 1941, circulated to the administrations in the cities of Hania, Rethymno, Heraklion and Agios Nikolaos, prohibited the slaughter of animals according to Jewish custom. It ordered that the knives used to this end be handed over to the island’s German Military Command together with the addresses of those who handed them in.

Another document of the German Military Command, dated 23 August 1941, referred to the matter of “Jews and Jewish businesses” and ordered that a sign of 50x50 cm should be hung outside Jewish-owned businesses. The signs should read “Jewish business – Prohibited for Germans”, written in black letters on a yellow background in both German and Greek.


Photos 1, 2, 3: © Historical Archive of Crete, Hania



German order of 1 July 1941, prohibiting the slaughter of animals according to Jewish custom


Greek translation of a German order to mark Jewish-owned businesses on Crete, 3 September 1941


German order to mark Jewish-owned businesses on Crete, 23 August 1941

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